欧洲杯2021参赛队伍

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XUEMUQIAO(1904--)JIANGSUWUXIREN。ZHUMINGJINGJIXUEJIA。30NIANDAICENGCANYUZUZHIZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIYANJIUHUI,ZHUBIAN《ZHONGGUONONGCUN》YUEKAN。1946NIANCENGZAILINYISHANDONGDAXUEJIANGSHOU《SIXIANGFANGFAHEXUEXIFANGFA》。1949NIANYIHOU,LIRENGUOJIATONGJIJUJUZHANG,GUOJIAJIWEI、JINGWEIFUZHUREN,QUANGUOWUJIAWEIYUANHUIZHUREN,GUOJIAJINGJITIGAIWEIGUWEN,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEBUXUEBUWEIYUAN。ZHUYAOZHUZUOYOU:《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIWENTIYANJIU》,《LUNZHONGGUOJINGJITIZHIGAIGE》DENG。

BASHINIANDAICHU,YOUYIBUJINGJILILUNZHUZUOCENGYIDUCHENGWEICHANGXIAOSHU,DUANDUANYINIANSHIJIANJINGSHIERCIZHONGYIN,YINSHUGAODA265WANCE,BINGXIANHOUBEIYIWEIYING、FA、RI、XIBANYADENGGEGUOWENZICHUBAN,ZHEIJIUSHIWOGUODANGDAIZHUMINGJINGJIXUEJIAXUEMUQIAODE《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIWENTIYANJIU》。WEISHENMEYIBUXUESHUXINGZHUZUOHUIYINQIDUZHERUCIQIANGLIEDEXINGQUNI?YIWEIWAIGUOJIZHESHUO,YINWEI“TASHIYIGEFANYINGHETUIJINZHONGGUOJINGJIXIANDAIHUADELANBEN”,ERDUIBENSHUDEZUOZHE,GUOWAIDEMEITIPINGJIASHI,TA“BUSHIGUANZAIXIANGYATANEIDEXUEZHEERSHICANYUZHIDINGSHIJIJINGJIZHENGCEDEXINGDONGPAI。”

DEQUE,XUEMUQIAOBUJINSHIYIWEIZHUZHONGSHIJIDELILUNJIA,TONGSHIYOUSHINENGGOUDUIWOGUOJINGJIJIANSHETICHUYOUJIAZHIYIJIANDESHAOSHULILUNJIAZHIYI。BULUNSHIZAIZHANZHENGNIANDAIHAISHIZAIHEPINGSHIQI,ZHANGQIYILAIWEIWODANGDEJINGJIJUECE、JINGJILILUNFAZHANZUOCHULEZHONGDAGONGXIAN,BINGZHUANXIELEDALIANGWENZHANG、ZHUZUO。XUEMUQIAOWANNIANCENGSHUO:“HUIGUWOKAISHICONGSHIJINGJIYANJIUDESUIYUE,WOSHIZHONGSHIZHIJIE、JIANJIEZAIDANGDELINGDAOHEPEIYANGZHIXIA,HUAIZHEJIANDINGMINGQUEDEZHENGZHIMUBIAO,ZUOWEISIXIANGWENHUAZHANXIANSHANGDEYIMINGZHANSHIERGONGZUOHEDOUZHENG。”“WOYIMEIYOUJINGUOGUONEIWAISHENMEMINGPAIXUEFUSHENZAO,ERBUSHIMAITOUSHUZHAI、BIMENDUSHUXIEZUO,ERSHIZHUANZHUYUDANGSHIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHENGHUOZHONGZUIJINPOXUYAOJIEJUEDEHEXINWENTIZHIYI——NONGMINTUDIWENTI,YIMIANXUEXILILUN,YIMIANCANYUSHIJIGONGZUO,ZAISHIJIANZHONGDUANLIANTIGAO,ZHUBUCHENGSHUQILAI。”

“监牢大学”毕业


1904NIANXUEMUQIAOCHUSHENGZAIJIANGSUSHENGWUXIXIANLISHEZHENDEYIGEPOLUODIZHUJIATING。YINJIAJINGSHUAIBAI,JINDUWANLESANNIANCHUJISHIFANBIANCHUOXUEKAOSHANGLETIELUSHIXISHENG,ZAILIHANGZHOUBUYUANDEJIANQIAOCHEZHANGONGZUO。SHOUDAGEMINGDEYINGXIANG,NIANQINGDEXUEMUQIAOZHEISHIYIKAISHITANSUOGEMINGDAOLUBINGJIJICANJIALEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG,ZAIHANGZHOUCANYULINGDAOTIELUGONGRENYUNDONG。

1927NIANJIANGJIESHIPANBIANGEMINGHOU,YOUYUPANTUGAOMI,XUEMUQIAOYUJIWEITONGZHIYIQIBEIBU,GUANYAZAIHANGZHOUSHIDE“LUJUNJIANYU”。ZAIYUZHONG,TAQINYANMUDUXUDUOGONGCHANDANGRENSHENGSIGUANTOURENGZIZIBUJUANDUSHU、ZHUIQIUGEMINGZHENLI,SHOUDAOQIANGLIEZHENHAN。TASHENKEDILINGWUDAO,GONGCHANDANGRENZAIRENHESHIHOUYEBUNENGXUDUSUIYUE。CONGCI,MEIDANGCHENXIWEILU,TABIANCOUJINCHUANGKOU,JIEZHEYILVCHENGUANGDUSHU。RUYE,HAIZAIHUNANDEDENGGUANGXIAJIANNANDIBIANREN。DANGSHIZHEIGEJIANYUGONGGUANYAZHESANBAIDUOMINGZHENGZHIFAN,ZHISHIFENZIZHANDUOSHU。TAMENLIYONGYUZUGUANLIBUYANDETIAOJIAN,CONGYUWAINONGLAIHENDUOJINBUSHUJI,XIANGHUJIAOHUANCHUANYUE。TAHAIJIEHEDUSHU,XUEXILEYINGWENHESHIJIEYU。XIANHOUDULEWEIERSHIDE《SHIJIESHIGANG》《OUZHOUJINDAISHI》,BINGLIYONGJIEJIDOUZHENGGUANDIANLAIFENXI、YANJIULISHI,DONGDELEJIEJUETUDIWENTIDEJIZHONGFANGSHI,WEIYIHOUYANJIUZHENGZHIJINGJIXUE、NONGCUNJINGJIDAXIALEJICHU。TAHAIYUEDULEYINGWENBENDEFAGUO《RENQUANXUANYAN》、MEIGUODE《DULIXUANYAN》、MEIGUOXIANFA,DONGDELEGEGUODEZHENGZHIZHIDU,RUZONGTONGZHI、NEIGEZHI、GEZHONGXUANJUZHIDUDENG。

XUEMUQIAODUDEZUIDUODESHIZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEFANGMIANDESHU,SULIANBUGEDANUOFUDE《ZHENGZHIJINGJIXUE》、RIBENHESHANGZHAODE《ZIBENZHUYIJINGJISIXIANGSHI》、RIBENGUDIANJINGJIXUEHEJINDAIZIBENZHUYIJINGJIXUEDEZHUZUO,HUXIANGBIJIAO,JIASHENLIJIE。HAIDULEMOERGENDE《GUDAISHEHUI》、DAERWENDE《WUZHONGQIYUAN》,YIJISHENGWUXUE、TIANWENXUEDEYIXIEMINGZHU,FENGFULETADESHIJIEGUAN、YUZHOUGUAN。SANNIANJIANLAOSHENGHUOZHONG,TADUDESHUBIZHENGGUIDAXUEDUDESHUHAIDUO。

1979NIAN10YUE,XUEMUQIAOQUMEIGUOFANGWEN,ZAIFEICHENGKANDAOLE《DULIXUANYAN》DEYUANBEN,XUEMUQIAOGAOSUMEIGUOJIAOSHOUMEN:“50NIANQIANWOJIUDULE《DULIXUANYAN》,NEISHIWANWANXIANGBUDAO50NIANHOUHUIZAIZHEILIDUDAOTADEYUANBEN。”JIAOSHOUMENTINGLESHIFENJINGQI,WENTASHISHENMEDAXUEBIYE,XUEMUQIAODA:SHI“LAOJIANDAXUE”BIYEDE。

社会调查中增长学识


1932NIAN,JINGTONGXUEJIESHAO,XUEMUQIAOLAIDAOSHANGHAIZHONGYANGYANJIUYUANSHEHUIKEXUEYANJIUSUOGONGZUO,CANJIALEYOUFUSUOZHANGCHENHANSHENG(ZHONGGONGMIMIDANGYUAN)ZHUCHIDEZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIDIAOCHAGONGZUO,CONGCIKAISHILEZHANGDASHUSHINIANDEJINGJIYANJIUSHENGYA。

ZAICHENHANSHENGZHIDAOXIA,XUEMUQIAOCONGZUICHUKAISHIJINGJIYANJIU,JIUSHIFENZHUZHONGSHEHUIDIAOCHA,ZHUZHONGZHANGWODIYISHOUCAILIAO。TAZAIZIJIDEJIAXIANGWUXIJINXINGLEYIGEYUEDEDIAOCHAHOU,XIECHENGTADEDIYIPIANXUESHUWENZHANG,CHENHANSHENGWEIQIMINGMINGWEI《JIANGNANNONGCUNSHUAILUODEYIGESUOYING》,SONGJINBUKANWU《XINCHUANGZAO》FABIAO,BUJIU,RIBENDE《GAIZAO》ZAZHIFANYIZHUANZAILEZHEIPIANWENZHANG。CIHOU,TABUDUANZAINONGCUNZUODIAOCHA、XIEBAOGAO,JIELUDIGUOZHUYIDEJINGJIBOXUERUHEJIASUZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIDEPOCHAN。1933ZHI1934NIAN,TAQUGUANGXISHIFANXUEYUANJIAONONGCUNJINGJIHEZHENGZHIJINGJIXUE,CENGLIYONGHANSHUJIADAILINGXUESHENGDAONONGCUNJINXINGSHIDIKAOCHA。1934NIAN,TAYUJINGJIXUEJIACHENHANSHENGDENGYIQIZUZHILE“ZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIYANJIUHUI”,BINGZHUBIANLE《ZHONGGUONONGCUN》YUEKAN,YONGQIAOMIAODEBIFAXUANCHUANMALIEZHUYIHEDANGDEMINZUTONGYIZHANXIAN,CHENGWEIWODANGZAIGUOTONGQUDUIQINGNIANKAIZHANQIMENGJIAOYUDEJINBUKANWU。

WEIRAOZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIWENTI,XUEMUQIAOJINXINGGUOZHANGQIERGUANGFANDEDIAOCHAYANJIU,YILUNZHENGTUDIGEMINGDEBIYAOXING,LUNZHENGZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEBANZHIMINDIBANFENGJIANXINGZHI。1937NIAN1YUE,TADE《NONGCUNJINGJIJIBENZHISHI》HE《ZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJICHANGSHI》LIANGSHUXIANHOUYOUXINZHISHUDIANCHUBAN,QIANZHESHIYIXIFANGGUOJIANONGCUNWEIYANJIUDUIXIANGDENONGYEJINGJIXUE,HOUZHESHIJIESHAOYANJIUZHONGGUONONGCUNDESHENGCHANGUANXI、SHENGCHANLIDEZHUANGKUANG,DANGNIANRIBENXUEZHEMIZEXIUFUJIANGCISHUYICHENGRIWENCHUBAN,SHUMINGWEI《ZHINEINONGCUNJINGJIGAILUN》。

1942NIAN,ZAIZHANHUOFENFEIDEHUANJINGZHONG,YOUYUJIGANBU、ZHANSHIJIANGSHOUZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEDEXUYAO,TAYIXIGAIHEKUABAODANGSHUZHUO,XIECHULETONGSUYIDONGDE《ZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEJIAOKESHU》,DUIYUGANBUDELILUNXUEXIQILEHENHAODEZUOYONG,CHENGWEIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUCHUBANDEDIYIBEN《ZHENGZHIJINGJIXUE》JIAOCAI。

革命斗争实践中发展理论


1943NIAN,XUEMUQIAOLAIDAOSHANDONGKANGRIGENJUDI,XIANHOURENSHENGZHENGFUMISHUZHANGJIANGONGSHANGJUZHANGDENG,CONGSHIJINGJILINGDAOGONGZUO。GENJUZIJIFENGFUDEJINGJILILUNZHISHI,TALIYONGJINGJIGUILVQUDELEDUIDIHUOBIDOUZHENGDESHENGLI。WEIBAOCHISHANDONGJIEFANGQUDEWUJIAWENDING,TALIYONGSHANDONGYANHAIYANYEZIYUANFENGFUDEYOUSHI,SHIXINGSHIYANZHUANMAI,BUJINQUDEDALIANGDECAIZHENGSHOURULAIZHIYUANKANGRIZHANZHENG,BINGQIELIYONGSHIYANSHUCHUSUODEDEDIQUHUOBI,HUANHUIDANGSHIJIEFANGQUJIXUDEGEZHONGWUZI,DAPOLEDIRENDEJINGJIFENGSUO,BINGYICIYADILEDIQUHUOBIHEGENJUDIHUOBIDEBIJIA。

ZAIZHEIQIJIAN,XUEMUQIAOJINGCHANGQULINYISHANDONGDAXUEJIANGKE,ZHUYAOSHIJIANGSIXIANGFANGFAHEXUEXIFANGFAWENTI。1942NIANCANJIAZHENGFENGYUNDONGSHI,TACENGRENZHENXUEXILEMAOZEDONGDE《GAIZAOWOMENDEXUEXI》、《SHIJIANLUN》HELIUSHAOQIDE《RENWEISHENMEFANCUOWU》DENGZHUZUO,XIELEXUDUOXUEXIBIJI,HOULAIJIAYIZHENGLIBUCHONG,YONGZUOJIANGKEJIAOCAI。ZHEIBENJIAOCAICENGYOUXINHUASHUDIANCHUBAN,SHUMINGWEI《SIXIANGFANGFAHEXUEXIFANGFA》。HOULAIRIBENGONGCHANDANGBATAYICHENGRIWEN,ZUOWEIGONGCHANDANGYUANXUEXIDEKEBEN,FAXINGSHULIANGBIZAIZHONGGUOGUONEIDADEDUO。

XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYIHOU,XUEMUQIAODANRENGUOJIAJIWEIFUZHUREN、GUOJIATONGJIJUJUZHANGHEQUANGUOWUJIAWEIYUANHUIZHURENDENGZHIWU,ZAIFANMANGDEGONGZUOZHONG,RENGBUFANGQIDUIJINGJIXUEDELILUNYANJIUGONGZUO。WENGEQIANDE17NIANJIAN,GONGFABIAOGUOJIN30PIANJINGJIXUELUNWEN,DUIYUWOGUOGUOMINJINGJIDESHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAO、JIHUAJINGJI、SHANGPINSHENGCHANHEJIAZHIGUILV、ANLAOFENPEIDENGZHONGYAOWENTIJINXINGLETANTAO,1979NIAN4YUECHUBANDE《SHEHUIZHUYIJINGJILILUNWENTI》YISHU,ZHENGSHIQIZHONGBUFENWENZHANGDEHUIBIAN。

“WENGE”ZHONG,ZUOWEI“JINGJIXUEJIEFANDONGXUESHUQUANWEI”,XUEMUQIAOSUIBEIGUANJINLE“NIUPENG”,QUEBIAOXIANDEFEICHANGCHAORANHELEGUAN。ZAIGANXIAO“LAODONGGAIZAO”SHI,FENPEITAZAIYEJIANKANHULIANGSHI,XUEMUQIAOJIULIYONGZHEIGESHIJIANGOUSI“ZHENGZHIJINGJIXUE(SHEHUIZHUYIBUFEN)”DENEIRONG,MEIDANGLIMINGSHOUGONGSHI,GUBUSHANGXIUXI,LIANMANGBAYEWANSIKAODEWENTIJILUXIALAI,JIUZAIZHEIYANGDEELIEHUANJINGZHONG,TAWANCHENGLEZHEIBENSHUDECHUGAO、ERGAO,HOULAIYOUZAIBINGZHONGFANFUGAIXIEDUOCI,ZHEIJIUSHIWENZHANGKAITOUTIDAODE《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIWENTIYANJIU》YISHU。CISHUXITONGZONGJIELEJIEFANGYIHOU20DUONIANJINGJIGONGZUODEJINGYANJIAOXUN,PIPINGLEWEIBEISHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIGUILVDE“ZUO”QINGCUOWU,QIANGDIAOANKEGUANJINGJIGUILVBASHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHEYINSHANGZHENGQUEGUIDAO,BINGDUIJINGJITIZHIDEGAIGEJINXINGCHUBUDETANSUO,YISHIZHIJIANYINQIJUDAFANXIANG,BINGYICHENGDUOZHONGWENZIZAIGUOWAICHUBAN。

1980NIAN,XUEMUQIAORENGUOWUYUANJINGJITIZHIGAIGEBANGONGSHIGUWEN,SUIYISHIMAODIEZHINIAN,RENGYIJIDADEREQINGGUANZHUSHEHUIJINGJIXIANXIANG,GUANZHUGAIGEKAIFANGJINCHENG,BINGBUDUANFABIAOWENZHANG、ZHUSHU,CANYULILUNHEZHENGCEDETAOLUNYUJUECE,TICHUYIGELAOJINGJIXUEJIADEZHENZHIZHUOJIAN。RUZHENDUISHEHUISHANGBAOSHOUSIXIANGHUICHAODESIXIANGQINGXIANG,1991NIAN1YUETAZAI《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUE》ZAZHIFABIAO《GUANYUSHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIDERUOGANLILUNWENTI》YIWEN,DUISHEHUIZHUYIJINGJIZUOWEIYIZHONGSHANGPINJINGJICONGLILUNSHANGJINXINGTANTAO。WENZHONGDUISHANGPIN、HUOBI、SHICHANG、JIHUA、LAODONGGONGZI、CAIZHENGSHUISHOU、YINXINGJINRONG、SUOYOUZHI、QIYEZHIDUDENG10GEWENTI,LIANXISHIJIJINXINGFENXI,FANDUIBAJIANLISHEHUIZHUYIYOUJIHUASHANGPINJINGJITONGJIANLISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIDUILIQILAI,BAYOUGUANWOGUOSHICHANGQUXIANGGAIGEDELILUNHEZHENGCELUNSHUTISHENGDAOYIGEXINDEGAODU。CONG1980NIANDAO1988NIAN,XIANGJICHUBANLE《DANGQIANWOGUOJINGJIRUOGANWENTI》、《WOGUOGUOMINJINGJIDEDIAOZHENGHEGAIGE》、《ANZHAOKEGUANJINGJIGUILVGUANLIJINGJI》、《GAIGEYULILUNSHANGDETUPO》DENGSIBUFANYINGGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIJINGJIYANJIUCHENGGUODELUNWENJI,1990NIAN12YUE,TIANJINRENMINCHUBANSHEJIANGQIHUIJICHENGWEI《LUNZHONGGUOJINGJITIZHIGAIGE》YISHU,GONGSHOURU1977—1990NIANJIANDELUNWEN、BAOGAO54PIAN。

1994NIAN,GUOWUYUANFAZHANYANJIUZHONGXIN、GUOJIAJIHUAWEIYUANHUIZAIRENMINDAHUITANGLIANHEJUXING《ZHUHEXUEMUQIAOTONGZHICONGSHIJINGJIGONGZUOHEJINGJILILUNYANJIULIUSHINIANZUOTANHUI》,ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEI、GUOWUYUANFUZONGLIZHURONGJITONGZHICHUXIBINGFABIAOLEREQINGYANGYIDEJIANGHUA,HUSHENG、CHENJINHUA、MAHONG、SUNSHANGQINGDENGLILUNJIEZHUMINGRENSHIYEDAOHUIZHUHE。XUEMUQIAODEQIANBANSHENG,SHIZAIZHONGGUONEIYOUWAIHUAN、MANMUCHUANGYIDEKUNANSUIYUELIDUGUODE,ZHEIJILITAZAIQINGNIANSHIDAIJIULIZHIYONGSUOXUEDAODEJINGJIXUEZHISHIQUZHENGJIUZUGUO。TAYISHENGDEJUEDABUFENSHIJIANSHIZAIZHENGZHIJINGJIXUEDEGEZHONGFANCHOUDETUIYANHEYUNYONGZHONGDUGUODE,DANTABUSHIYIGEBAZIJIGUANZAISHUZHAIZHONGDEXUEZHE,TAZONGSHISHANYUCONGZHONGGUODESHIJIQINGKUANGCHUFA,YANJIUFENXIZHONGGUODEJINGJIWENTI。TAFEICHANGZHONGSHIDIAOCHAYANJIU,LILUNMIQIELIANXISHIJI,ZHEISHITADEZHUYAOZHIXUETEDIAN。TACHANGSHUO:“GAOZHENGZHIJINGJIXUE,YISHIYAOLILUNLIANXISHIJI,ERSHIBUDANG‘FENGPAI’。”ZHEIYESHITAZIJIDEZUOYOUMING。

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