欧洲杯2021参赛队伍

山大概况
曾呈奎

CENGCHENGKUI(1909.6~)FUJIANSHAMENSHIREN。SIWUSHINIANDAIRENSHANDAJIAOSHOU,BINGJIANRENXIZHUREN。XIANRENZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYUANSHI、DISANSHIJIEKEXUEYUANYUANSHI。

CENGCHENGKUIXIANSHENGZAIWUSHINIANDAIJIUSHISHANDONGDAXUEZHUMINGDEJIAOSHOUZHIYI。TAXINGGEKAILANG,SHIFENJIANTAN。ZAIJIAOXUESHANGJINGYIQIUJING,XIXINPEIYURENCAI;ZAIKEXUEYANJIUSHANGGENGYOUYIZHONGZHIZHEZHUIQIU、QIEERBUSHEDEJINGSHEN。1950NIAN1YUE,QINGDAOSHIZHAOKAILESHOUJIEGEJIERENMINDAIBIAODAHUIHUIYI,SHANDONGDAXUEYOUSHIDUOWEIJIAOSHOUCANJIA,QIZHONGYOULUOZHUFENG、WANGTONGZHAO、FENGYUANJUN、TONGDIZHOU、CENGCHENGKUI、WUFUHENGDENG。WODANGSHIZUOWEIXINWENJIEDAIBIAO(YEJIANJIZHE)YUGEWEIJIAOSHOUYIQICANJIALEWENJIAODAIBIAOXIAOZUDEHUODONG。CENGCHENGKUIXIANSHENGBULUNSHIXIAOZUHUIHAISHIZAIDAHUISHANG,TADOUZHENGXIANFAYAN,SHUFAZIJIDUIXINZHONGGUODEJIFENZHIQING,DUIHAIYANGKEXUESHIYEKAITUOFAZHANDEPOQIEZHIQING,BINGPINGJIETADUONIANYANJIUKAOCHADESHIQING,HUICHULEWOGUOYANHAISHUICHANSHIYEFAZHANDEMEIHAOLANTU。TADEZHEIXIESHEXIANGHEYIJIAN,DEDAOLEDAHUIDAIBIAODEYIZHIZANTONG,YOUXIEYIJIANHAIBEICAINAERXIEJINDAHUIJUEYIZHONG,WEIJIASUHUIFUYUFAZHANQINGDAODEJINGJIJIANSHEZUOCHULAIJIJIDEGONGXIAN。

1909NIAN6YUE18RI,CENGCHENGKUIDANSHENGYUFUJIANSHENGSHAMENSHIGUANKOUZHENLILINCUNDECENGXINGHUAQIAOSHIJIA。SHAONIANSHIDAITASHOUMUQINDESIXIANGYINGXIANGJIAODA,BIANXUANQU“ZENONG”WEIQIHAO,LIZHINONGYE、KEJIJIUGUO。TAZAIDAXUEQIJIANJIUDUIHAIZAOYANJIUCHANSHENGLENONGHOUDEXINGQU。YIGE“HAIYANGNONGYE”DELIXIANGZHENGZHENGYINGXIANGLETADEYISHENG。WEILEMOQINGZUGUOHAIZAOZIYUANDE“JIADI”,CENGCHENGKUICONG1930NIANDAO1940NIANRENLINGNANDAXUEFUJIAOSHOUQIJIAN,JIUCENGDAIJIMINGCAIJIGONGRENDUIJINHAIHAIZAOZIYUANJINXINGLEDIAOCHAYANJIU。SHINIANNEI,TACAIJILEJIQIANHAOHAIZAOBIAOBEN,YIZHEIXIEZUIZAODEHAIZAOZILIAO,FABIAOLE《ZHONGGUOHAIZAOFENLEIYANJIU》ZHEIPIANZHUMINGLUNWEN,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOHAIZAOYANJIUDEDIANJIZHE,BEIGONGRENWEISHIZHEIYIXUEKELINGYUDEXIANQU。1940NIANCENGCHENGKUIXIANSHENGHUOMEIGUOMIZHIANDAXUEYANJIUSHENGJIANGXUEJINBINGQIANWANGGONGDUBOSHI,1942NIAN5YUEHUOBOSHIXUEWEI。TAZAIMEIGUODEJINIAN,QINFENNULI,JIXUYANJIUHAIZAOXUEBINGQUDEXIANZHUCHENGGUO,ZAIYIBANGHAIYANGXUEJIEYIXIAOYOUMINGQI。MEIFANGXIWANGTALIUXIALAIWEITAMENDEGUOJIAFUWU,DANGCENGCHENGKUIXIANSHENGJUEXINHUILAIBAOXIAOZUGUO.TASHUO:“WODESHIYEZAIZHONGGUO,ZHENGYINWEITALUOHOUCAIGENGXUYAOWOMENLAIJIANSHE。”

1946NIAN12YUE,CENGCHENGKUIXIANSHENGHUIDAOZUGUO,CHURENSHANDONGDAXUEJIAOSHOU,BINGJIANRENZHIWUXIJIAOSHOU,TASHOUXIANYUTONGDIZHOUYIQIBANQILESHANDAHAIYANGYANJIUSUO,YIHOUYOUYUTONGDIZHOU、ZHANGXIJIAOSHOUYIQIZUJIANLEXINZHONGGUODIYIGEHAIYANGYANJIUJIGOU——ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHUISHENGSHENGWUYANJIUSUOQINGDAOHAIYANGSHENGWUYANJIUSHI(ZHONGKEYUANHAIYANGYANJIUSUOQIANSHEN);CONGCI,HAIYANGSHENGWUYANJIUYOULEGENGWENGUDEJICHU,BINGQIEYOULINGDAOYOUZUZHIDIKAIZHANLEHAIYANGYANJIUHUODONG。CONG1950NIANXIABANNIANKAISHI,CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUPEIYANGBINGZUZHILEYIPIZAOLEIFENLEIXUEJIA(BAOKUOZIJISUOJIAODEXUESHENG),YOUJIHUADIDUIBAOKUOZHONGGUOYANHAIZAINEIDEBEITAIPINGYANGXIBUDEDIQIHAIZAOZUOLEQUANMIANDIAOCHA,KAIZHANLEZHONGGUOHAIZAOZIYUANHEFENLEITIXIDEYANJIU。WUSHINIANDAIYIQIAN,ZICAIDESHENGZHANGSHIHEBAOZILAIYUANYIZHISHIGEMI,SUOYIWUFARENGONGCAIMIAOHEYANGZHI。CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUYUZHUSHOUMENJINXINGBAOZHONGYANJIU,POJIELEQIZHONGDE“MIMI”,ZHENGSHILEWANQUANKEYIYIKAORENGONGSHENGCHANQIAOBAOZI,YONGYUZICAIDERENGONGYANGZHI,CONGERJIESHULEYANGZHIZICAIKAODAZIRANENCI“ZHONGZI”DELISHI,KAISHILEKEXUEZHONGZHIZICAIDEXINJIYUAN。TAMENDEXUNZHONGCHENGGUOZAIYANHAITUIGUANGHOU,RENGONGZAIPEIZICAIYEXUNSUFAZHANQILAI,SHIZHONGGUOZICAINIANCHANLIANGDADAOLEYIQIANDUOWANDUNGANPIN,CHENGWEISHIJIEDISANZICAIGUO。

ERSHINIANDAIYOURIBENBEIHAIDAOCHUANRUDEDAXINGZAOLEI——HAIDAI,WEIMEIKEKOU,YINGYANGFENGFU,YOUNENGFANGZHIJIAZHUANGXIANZHONGBING。DANHAIDAISHIYIZHONGXIHUANDIWENDELENGWENDAIBAOZIZHIWU。CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUBIANZUZHILEHAIDAINANYISHIYAN,YIJUCHENGGONG,BUJIUHOUBIANXINGCHENGLEDAGUIMOYANGZHI。CONG1952NIANDONGJIKAISHI,CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUYOUDAILINGTADEZHUSHOUHEDAXUESHENG,ZAIQINGDAO、YANTAI、DALIANDENGDIJINHAINEI,YONGRENGONGPEIZHIDEFANGFA,JIANQILEYIDAPIANYIDAPIANDEHAIDAISHENGCHANTIAN。TAMENHAIBUDUANZONGJIEZAIPEIJISHU,JINYIBUYANJIUQISHENGZHANGGUILVHEHUANJINGXIXING,BINGDADANCAIYONGNONGZUOWUMIZHIFANGFA,DADATIGAOLEHAIDAIDEDANWEIMIANJICHANLIANG。WUSHINIANDAICHU,ZHONGGUOHAIDAICHANLIANGJINYOU60DUN,MEINIANYAOJINKOUSHISHUDUN,CAINENGMANZUSHICHANGXUQIU。ERDAO1985NIAN,ZHONGGUONIANCHANHAIDAIGANPINYIDA250WANDUN,ZHANHAIDAIZHIWUSHIJIENIANCHANLIANGDE80%,CHENGWEISHIJIETOUHAOHAIDAIYANGZHISHENGCHANDAGUO,MEINIANDOUYOUDALIANGCHANPINXIAOWANGSHIJIEGEGUO。RUJIN,WOGUOYANHAIBUMANLEDAXIAOBUYI、CHENGFANGCHENGKUAIDEHAIDAIZHONGZHITIAN,NIANNIANDOUHUODEDAFENGSHOU。ZHEIJIZHIYUANLEGUOJIAJIANSHE,ZENGJIALEWAIHUISHOURU,YOUDADAZENGJIALEYUMINDESHOURU,GAISHANLERENMINDESHENGHUO。ZHEIBUNENGBUSHIRENXIANGDAODANGNIANKEXUEJIAMENDUIHAIZAOYANJIUSHIYANDEJIANNANSUIYUE,GENGBUNENGBUGANXIEZHIJINYIYOU92SUIGAOLINGDECENGCHENGKUIZHEIWEILAOKEXUEJIAWEICISUOQINGZHUDEYIPIANXINXUE!

CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUBUKUIWEIWOGUOZHUMINGDEHAIYANGSHENGWUXUEJIA、HAIZAOZHUANJIA。TADEGONGXIANSHIZHUOZHUDE、DUOFANGMIANDE,QIYINGXIANGYOUSHISHIFENSHENYUANDE。SHITA,SHOUCIZAIZHONGGUOFAXIANLEYUANLVZAO,YANJIUHAIZAOBIJIAOGUANGHEZUOYONG,TICHULEGUANGHESHENGWUJINHUATUJING,DADAFENGFUHEFAZHANLEJINHUALUN。SHITA,YANJIULEZICAIHEHAIDAIDEFAYUSHENGWUXUE,JIEJUELEZICAIHEHAIDAIZAIPEIZHONGDEGUANJIANWENTI,SHIZICAIHEHAIDAIRENGONGPEIZHICHENGWEIXIANSHI,QUDELEZHONGDADEJINGJIJIAZHIHESHEHUIXIAOYI。TAHAISHOUXIANTICHUBINGCHANMINGHAIYANGSHENGCHANBIXUZOUNONGMUHUADEDAOLU,TUIDONGLEZHONGGUOHAIYANGSHUICHANSHENGCHANYANGZHIYEDEFAZHAN,DUIQUANSHIJIEDESHUICHANSHIYECHANSHENGLEJUDADEYINGXIANG。ZAISHIJIEHAIYANGSHENGWUSHIYEFAZHANSHISHANG,JIANGHUIYONGYUANMINGKESHANGCENGCHENGKUIZHEIYIWEIRENDEMINGZI。

XIEDAOZHEILI,WOYOUXIANGQILEYIJIANZHIDETEBIEYITIDESHI。CONGZHEIJIANSHISHANGKEYIKANDAO,CENGCHENGKUIXIANSHENGSHINEIYANGFUYOUZHENGYIGAN,SHINEIYANGREAIXUESHENG,SHINEIYANGDAYILINRAN、JIERUCHOU。ZAIQINGDAOJIEFANGQIANXIDEHEIANRIZILI,GUOMINDANGFANDONGDANGJUSHIJINBUXUESHENGRU“YANZHONGDING”,JINXINGZHONGZHONGPOHAI。YOUYICISHISHENGZAIXIAOMENKOUJIHE,ZHUNBEIDAOJIESHANGYOUXINGSHIWEI,FANDUIGUOMINDANGDANEIZHAN,YAOQIUHEPING、MINZHU、ZIYOU;FANDONGJUNJINGWENXUNHOU,LIJIBAOWEILEXUEXIAODAMEN,BINGQIEYONGPIBIAN、BANGGUN、QIANGTUODENGXIONGQI,OUDACHISHOUKONGQUANDEXUESHENG。YOUDEBEIDAHUNZAIDI,YOUDETOUPOXUELIU,YOUDENVSHENGTOUFABEIXIANXIALAI……。ZHEIRENAOLEXUDUOYOUZHENGYIGANDEXUEZHE、JIAOSHOU,TAMENMAOZHESHENGMINGWEIXIANZHANCHULAIYUJUNJINGPINGLI,YONGZIJIDESHENTILAIBAOHUXUESHENG,ZHEISHICENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUYIFANGMIANCANJIAJIUHUXINGDONG,YIFANGMIANZAIBIEDELAOSHIDEYANHUXIA,ZHUAZHUJIHUI,YONGZHAOXIANGJITOUTOUDIQIANGPAILEDIRENOUDA、DAIBUXUESHENGDEJINGTOU,BINGQIELIANYEJIANGZHAOPIANCHONGXICHULAISONGDAO《MINYANBAOSHE》,DIERTIANZHAOPIANJIUZAIBAOZHIDEXIANZHUWEIZHIKANDENGCHULAI,YINQILESHEHUIDEQIANGLIEQIANZEHEKANGYI。WEILEGENGYOULIDIKANGYIGUOMINDANGDEFANDONGTONGZHI,CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUHAIYUTONGDIZHOUJIAOSHOUYIQI,JIANGZHEIZHANGBAOZHIDEJIANBAOJIWANGBEIPING、SHANGHAI、NANJINGDENGDI,YOUDEHAIJIWANGGUOWAI。YISHISHANDONGDAXUEFANNEIZHAN、FANYAPODEZHUANGJUCHUANBIANSIMIANBAFANG,BAFANDONGPAIDECHOUEZUILIANBAOLUZAIGUANGTIANHUARIZHIXIA。ZHEIJIANSHIYIHOUBEICHUANWEIJIAHUA,SHOUDAORENMENDEPUBIANZANYUHEZUNJING。JIEFANGHOU,MEIDANGJIZHETIDAOCISHI,CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUZONGSHIXIAOXIAOSHUO:“ZHEISHIWOYINGGAIZUODE。”

(ZUOZHE:TAIXU YISHANGNEIRONGLAIZI《BAINIANJIREN》P526)

曾呈奎


CENGCHENGKUI,1909NIAN6YUESHENG,FUJIANSHENGSHAMENSHIREN。WOGUOZHUMINGHAIYANGSHENGWUXUEJIA,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANXUEBUWEIYUAN,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANHAIYANGYANJIUSUOMINGYUSUOZHANG,DISANSHIJIEKEXUEYUANYUANSHI。1987NIAN12YUE11RIHUODEMEIGUOEHAIEZHOULIDAXUERONGYUBOSHI。ZAISHANDONGDAXUEQIJIAN,CENGLIRENJIANGSHI、FUJIAOSHOU、JIAOSHOU、ZHIWUXIXIZHUREN、HAIYANGYANJIUSUOFUSUOZHANGDENGZHI。1958NIANSHANDONGDAXUEYOUQINGDAOQIANDAOJINANSHI,CENGJIAOSHOULIUZAIQINGDAOHAIYANGYANJIUSUO,HOURENGAISUOSUOZHANG。

CENGCHENGKUIJIAOSHOUZIYOUSHENGZHANGZAIZUGUODEDONGNANYANHAI。HAOHANDEDAHAI,ZHANLANDEHAISHUI,YOUZIDUOBIANDESHUIZUHENEIWUCAIBINFENDEHAIZAO,CONGXIAOSHIHOUJIUJIDADIXIYINZHETA,QIANDONGZHEZHEIWEIHAIBINQINGNIANDEXINXIAN。ZAOZAI1930NIAN,TAHAIZAISHAMENDAXUEDUSINIANJISHI,BIANXUANZELE《SHAMENJINGJIHAIZAOYANJIU》ZUOWEIBIYELUNWENDEKETI。CIHOUDEJISHINIANZHONG,TAYUHAIZAOJIEXIALEBUJIEZHIYUAN。WEILEZUGUODEHAIZAOYANJIUSHIYE,TAYEYIJIRI,BUCILAOKU,ZHONGYUZAIZHEIGELINGYUZHONGQUDELEJIQIFENGSHUODECHENGGUO。

ZAOZAI1935NIAN8YUEDAO1938NIAN3YUEQIJIAN,CENGXIANSHENGZAISHANDONGDAXUESHENGWUXIRENJIAOBINGJIANRENHAIYANGSHENGWUYANJIUSHIDEZHURENSHI,WEILEFAZHANHAIZAOSHIYE,TAJIUJINGCHANGDINGFENGPIYUEZHUICHAOZHULIU,CHENGNIANLEIYUEDICAIJIBIAOBENHEYANJIUHAIZAO。TACENGZHUANXIEDELUNWEN《HAINANDAOHAICHANLVZAOZHIYANJIU》,ZAIDANGSHIDEHAIZAOYANJIUFANGMIANJIUYIJUYOUZHONGYAODEXUESHUDIWEI。TABUCIQIANXINWANKU,ZOUBIANLEBEIZIDALIAN、BEIDAIHE,NANZHIGUANGDONG、DONGSHAQUNDAO,CAIJILEDALIANGDEBIAOBEN。DANYOUYUJIUZHONGGUOWENHUAJIAOYUSHIYEDEFENGBILUOHOU,ZHISHITADEYANJIUGONGZUOBULVWEIJIAN。

WEILEJINKUAIDIFAZHANZUGUODEHAIZAOSHIYE,JIUBIXUJIEJIANXIFANGYIJINGQUDEDEYANJIUCHENGGUO,YUSHITAYIRANJUEDINGFUMEISHENZAO。1942NIAN,TAZAIMEIGUOMIZHIGENDAXUEYANJIUYUANHUODELEBOSHIXUEWEI。YOUYUXUEXICHENGJIYOUYI,YOUTONGSHIHUODELELAKEHAMUBOSHIJIANGXUEJIN。SUIHOU,TAXUANDINGMEIGUOJIAZHOUDAXUESIGELIPUSIHAIYANGYANJIUSUOZUOWEIZIJIJINYIBUXUEXIHESHENRUYANJIUDEJIDI。ZAIZHEILI,TAJINGCHANGQINZIJIACHUANDAOLAGENNAHAITAN,QIANSHUIDAO10MISHENCHUBUZHISHIHUACAISHENGZHANGDESHIYANHEGUANCHAHAIZAOSHENGZHANGQINGKUANG。TAJINGCHANGYIGANJIUSHI16GEXIAOSHI,XUDUOWAIGUOZHUANJIADUITADEPINBOJINGSHENYEBUDEBUBIAOSHIYOUZHONGDEQINPEI。1946NIANDI,CENGXIANSHENGHUIDAOLEKUOBIEDUONIANDEZUGUO,BEIPINRENWEISHANDONGDAXUEZHIWUXIXIZHURENJIANHAIYANGYANJIUSUODEFUSUOZHANG,DANYOUYUJIUZHONGGUODEHEIAN,TADEYUANDABAOFURENGJIUWUFASHIXIAN。

1950NIAN8YUE1RI,XINZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDESHUISHENGWUYANJIUSHIZAIQINGDAOCHENGLI,CENGXIANSHENGBEIRENMINGWEIFUSHIZHUREN(ZHURENWEITONGDIZHOU)。XINZHONGGUODEJIANLI,WEITADAILAILEJINXINGKEXUEYANJIUDECHUNTIAN。

CENGXIANSHENGJINXINGKEYANGONGZUO,CONGLAIDOUSHITAIDUYANJIN,BINGQIEYONGYUTANSUOHESHIJIAN。TAYIDANRENZHUNLEYITIAOLU,JIUYAOJUEXINZOUXIAQU,NONGBUCHUJIUJINGJIUJUEBUBAXIU。ZAOZAI1956NIAN,YOUYUTAZAIZICAISHENGHUOSHIFANGMIANYANJIUZHONGSUOQUDEDECHENGJIU,JIUCENGHUODEGUO1956NIANZHONGKEYUANBANFADESANDENGZIRANKEXUEJIANGJIN。TALINGDAODEHAIZAOZAIPEIYUANLIDEYANJIU,YU1979NIANHUODEQUANGUOKEJIDAHUIJIANG。GUANYUXISHAQUNDAOSHENGWUDIAOCHADEYANJIU,YEYU1988NIANHUODEGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIANG。ZAITAZHIDAOXIAKAIZHANQILAIDEHAIYANGZAOLEIFENLEIQUXI、XINGTAISHENGHUOSHI、SHENGLISHENGTAI、HUAXUEJIAGONG、YICHUANYUZHONG,YIJIGUANGHEZUOYONGDENGYANJIU,CENGXIANSHENGDANDUHUOYUHEZUOZHELIANHE,XIANHOUFABIAOLELUNWEN180YUPIAN,ZHUANZHU6BU。QIZHONGTAZHUBIANDE《ZHONGGUOCHANGJIANHAIZAO》YISHUFUYOU148FUCAISEZHAOPIAN。ZHEIXIEZHUZUOHELUNWENBUJINFAZHANLEWOGUODEHAIZAOXUE,TONGSHIYEWEIWOGUOHAIZAOZIYUANDEKAIFA,HAIZAORENGONGZAIPEISHIYEHEHAIZAOHUAXUEGONGYEDEFAZHAN,DAXIALELILUNJICHU,TIGONGLEYANJIUDEFANGFA,CUJINLEJINGJIDEFAZHAN。

JIEFANGYIHOU,CENGXIANSHENGYUTADEZHUSHOU——XIANRENHAIYANGYANJIUSUOFUSUOZHANGWUCHAOZHIJIAOSHOUDENGKEJIRENYUAN,KAISHILEHAIDAISHENGWUXUEJIZAIPEIYUANLIDEYANJIU。TAMENTONGGUODALIANGDEDIAOCHAYANJIUHEGUANCHA,ZHAODAOLEDUOSHUHAIWANBUNENGSHENGZHANGHAIDAIDEYUANYIN,TICHULETAOGUANSHIFEIFA,JIEJUELEHAIDAISHENGZHANGQUEDANDEGUANJIANWENTI,WEI50NIANDAIHOUQIHE60NIANDAICHUQIDEHUANGHAIQUHAIDAIDESHENGCHANFAZHANQIDAOLEJIJIDEZUOYONG。ZAICIZHIHOU,WEILETIGAOHAIDAIDEDANWEICHANLIANG,ZAITADEDAILINGXIAYOUJINXINGLEMIZHISHIYAN。TAMENDAPOLECHUANTONGDEQIUMIAOPEIYU,CHUANGZAOLEHAIDAIXIAMIAODIWENPEIYUFA,CONGERSHIHAIDAIDECHANLIANGTIGAODAOLE30%~50%,TUPOLEHAIDAISHENGCHANZHONGDELINGYIGEZHONGDANANTI。TAMENHAIBAYUANLAIDEDENGGUANGYUMIAOGAIWEIRIGUANGYUMIAO。MUQIAN,YIWEIHAIDAIDEDAMIANJIFENGSHOU,KAIPILEWOGUODUTEDESHENGCHANFANGFA。

WOGUOSHANGPINHAIDAIDESHENGCHANYIZHIZHIXIANYUZHANGJIANGYIBEIDEHUANGHAIYANAN。WEILERANGHAIDAISHENGCHANKUAGUOZHANGJIANG,1956NIANCENGXIANSHENGDAILINGYOUGUANKEJIRENYUANDUIDONGHAIQUKAIZHANLEDIAOCHAGONGGUAN,JINXINGLEHAIDAINANYIDEZAIPEISHIYANBINGHUODELECHENGGONG。CONGERSHIWOGUODEHAIDAIZAIPEISHIYE,BEIQILIAONING,NANZHIFUJIAN,ZAIZUGUONANBEIGUANGKUODEHAIYUSHANG,CONGWUDAOYOU,CONGXIAODAODA,XINGWANGDIFAZHANQILAI。WEILEPEIYANGYANHAIGESHENGDEJISHULILIANG,TAYUWUCHAOZHIJIAOSHOUYIQIYU1958NIANZHUBIANCHUBANLEGUOJIJIANDIYIBUHAIDAIZAIPEIDEZHUANZHU《HAIDAIYANGZHIXUE》。

50NIANDAIMOQI,CENGXIANSHENGRENSHIDAOYANHAIHAIDAISHIYEDEJINYIBUFAZHAN,BIXUZAIPINZHONGDEGAILIANGSHANGMIANXIAGONGFU。CONGNEISHIQI,TAYUTADEZHUSHOUYIJIYOUGUANZHUANJIAHEDANWEIGONGTONGNULI,PEIYANGCHULEYOULIANGDEPINZHONG,SHIWOGUOZAI80NIANDAICHUHAIDAINIANCHANLIANGDADAOGANPIN20DUOWANDUN,ZHANQUANSHIJIEHAIZAOSHENGCHANZONGLIANGDEYIBANYISHANG,MINGLIESHIJIEQIANMAO。ZAICIQIJIAN,CENGXIANSHENGHAIYUYOUGUANRENYUANGONGKELEZICAIMIAOZHONGYIZHIMEIYOUMIAOYUANDENANTI,CHANMINGLETONGGUOPEIYANGZICAISIZHUANGTIKEYIHUODESHENGCHANSHANGSUOXUDEQIAOBAOZI。GAICHENGGUOCENGHUODE1956NIANZHONGKEYUANBANFADEZIRANKEXUESANDENGJIANG。YUCITONGSHI,CENGXIANSHENGYUKEJIRENYUANYONGMAWEIZAOZUOCAILIAOTIQULEHEZAOJIAO,CONGERTUIDONGLEWOGUODIYIGEHEZAOJIAOSHENGCHANCHEJIANDEJIANLI,WEIWOGUOHEZAOJIAOGONGYEDEFAZHANDIANDINGLEJICHU。

70NIANDAICHUQI,CENGXIANSHENGKAISHILEBIJIAOGUANGHEZUOYONGHEGUANGHESHENGWUJINHUADEYANJIU。TAYUZHUSHOUMENTONGGUODALIANGDEDIAOCHA,BINGZAIWOGUODEXISHAQUNDAOSHOUCIFAXIANLEDANXIBAOZAO——YUANLVZAO。TONGGUOSHENRUDEYANJIU,BUJINJIANDINGLETADUIGUANGHESHENGWUXITONGFAYUGUANDIANDEXINNIAN,ERQIEYOUTAWEICIERTIJIAOJIJINIANDAERWENSHISHI100ZHOUNIANDAHUIDELUNWEN,DEDAOLEYUHUIZHEDEGUANGFANZHONGSHI。CENGXIANSHENGZAIWOGUOHAILVXIANTICHULEHAIYANGSHUICHANNONGMUHUADEYANJIUKETI,BINGBEIZHONGKEYUANLIEWEIZHONGDIANGONGGUANXIANGMU。JINRU80NIANDAI,TASUIYINIANYUGUXI,DANRENGRANBUCILAOKUDIQINZIXIAHAI,WEISHUICHANNONGMUHUADESHIXIANSHENTILIXING,QIANXINYANJIU。

JIEFANGYILAI,CENGXIANSHENGCENGXIANHOUFUSULIAN、MINZHUDEGUO、MEIGUO、RIBEN、YINGGUODENGSHIJIGEGUOJIAJINXINGFANGWEN、JIANGXUEHECANJIAXUESHUHUIYI,BINGYIZUZHIWEIYUANHUIZHUXIDESHENFENYU1983NIAN6YUEZAIQINGDAOCHENGGONGDIZUZHILEDISHIYIJIEGUOJIHAIZAOXUESHUTANTAOHUI。CENGXIANSHENGCENGSHIGUOJIHAIZAOLEIXUEHUILISHIZHANG、GUOJIHAIZAOXIEHUIGUWENWEIYUANHUIWEIYUAN,BEIXUDUOGUOWAIXUEZHEYUWEI“ZHONGGUODEHAIZAODAWANG”。

1980NIAN1YUE8RI,CENGXIANSHENGGUANGRONGDIJIARULEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG,SHIXIANLETADUONIANDESUYUAN。RUDANGZHIHOU,TAGENGJUEDEXIANGSHIHUANFALEQINGCHUN,GONGZUOQILAIJINGCHANGDAOSHENYE,YOUSHISHENZHITONGXIAODADAN。ZAIFANMANGDEYANJIUGONGZUOZHIWAI,TADANRENGUO《ZHONGGUODABAIKEQUANSHU》HAIYANGKEXUEJUANDEZHUBIAN、《HAIYANGHEHUZHAO》HE《ZHONGGUOHAIYANGHUZHAOXUEBAO》(YINGWENBAN)DEZHUBIAN,YIJIZAIGUOWAICHUBANDE《HAIYANGZHIWUXUE》HE《HAIYANGSHENGTAIXUEFAZHAN》ZHONGGUOFANGMIANDEBIANWEI。TAWEIZUGUODEHAIZAOSHIYEPEIYANGLEYIDAPISHUOSHIYANJIUSHENG、BOSHIYANJIUSHENGHEZHUANMENJISHURENCAI。

CENGXIANSHENGFEICHANGREAIDAHAI,TABASHENGMINGJITUOYUDAHAI,TAJUEXINWEIZUGUOHESHIJIEDEHAIYANGKEXUESHIYEFENDOUZHONGSHENG。

(YISHANGNEIRONGLAIZI《SHANDONGDAXUEYINGCAILU》 P155)

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